Tympanometers - Resources

Relevant to Tympanometry and Telemedicine

1.    Alaerts J. Evaluation of middle ear function in young children: clinical guidelines for the use of 226- and 1,000-Hz tympanometry. Otol Neurotol 2007; 28(6): 727-32

2.    American Academy of Family Physicians; American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery; American Academy of Pediatrics Subcommittee on Acute Otitis Media and Otitis Media with Effusion. Pediatrics 2004; 113(5):  1412-29 & 1451-65.

3.    American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine. Hearing assessment in infants and children: recommendations beyond neonatal screening. 2009; 124(4):1253-1263.

4.    American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (1997). Guidelines for Audiologic Screening ASHA 1997. Available from

5.    American Speech‐Language‐Hearing Association. Causes of Hearing Loss in Children.

6.    American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Guidelines for Screening for Hearing Impairments and Middle Ear Disorders. ASHA 1990 32 (2): 17-24.

7.    Ciccia AH et al. Improving the access of young urban children to speech, language and hearing screening via telehealth.  J Telemed Telecare. 2011; 17(5): 240-4.

8.    Ervin S. Introduction and Practical Use of Tympanometry Measurements in a Hearing Conservation Program. Workplace Integra.  Hearing Conservation and Health Data Management.

9.    Harris PK et al. The Use of Tympanometry and Pneumatic Otoscopy for Predicting Middle Ear Disease. American Journal of Audiology 2005; Vol.14 3-13.

10.    Kokesh J, Ferguson AS, Patricoski. The Alaska Experience Using Store-and-Forward Telemedicine for ENT Care in Alaska. Otolaryngologic Clinics of N.A. 2011; 44(6): 1359-74.

11.    Krumm M, Syms M. Teleaudiology. Otolaryngologic Clinics of N.A. 2011; 44(6): 1297-1304.

12.    Margolis RH, Heller J. Screening tympanometry: criteria for medical referral. Audiology 1987; 26:197-208.

13.    Martin, F.N. & Clark, J.G.  Introduction to Audiology 2000, 7th Edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

14.    Minnesota Department of Health. Otoscopy and Tympanometry Screening Manual. July 2009. St. Paul MN.

15.    Onusko E. Tympanometry. Am Fam Physician 2004; 7: 1713-20

16.    ORourke J. Products in Practice. Focus on Tympanometers. Hearing Review. July/August 2009. 

17.    Patricoski C, Ferguson AS. Which tympanometer is optimal for an outpatient primary care setting? Journal of Family Practice 2006; Vol. 55 No. 11: 246-252.

18.    Polovoy C. Audiology Telepractice Overcomes Inaccessibility. The ASHA Leader 2008; June

19.    Seidemann MF, Givens GD. Tympanometry Assessment of Eustachian Tube Patency in Children. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders 1977; Vol.42 487-497.

20.    Shanks J, Shelton C. Basic principles and clinical applications of tympanometry. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1991; 24:299-328.

21.    Van Camp KJ et al. Principles of Tympanometry.  American Speech Language Hearing Association Monograph No. 24 1986. 88 pages.

22.    Wazen J, Ferraro J, Hughes R. Clinical Evaluation of a Portable, Cordless, Hand-held Middle Ear Analyzer. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 1988 99 (3): 348 - 350.

23.    Wiley TL, Barrett KA. Test-Retest Reliability in Tympanometry. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 1991; Vol.34 1197-1206.

The major manufacturers also have some excellent manuals, guides and other resources regarding clinical tympanometry and the use, operation and care of the equipment.

Back to Top